An act passed in response to the presidential election of 2000, which remained undecided for several weeks due to voting problems such as computer problems, misplaced vote boxes, and confusing ballot designs. This law made federal funding available to states to update their voting procedures and equipment, created the Election Assistance Commission to provide information on federal elections, and specified uniform technology and administration standards for federal elections.
A joint resolution of Congress passed in October 2002, authorizing the use of military force in Iraq based on a number of factors, including allegations that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction.
An emergency appropriations act that, among other things, provided funding for the Afghanistan and Iraq wars, contained disaster relief related to Hurricane Katrina, and raised the federal minimum wage.
An act that raised the federally mandated minimum wage in three increments, eventually fixing the rate at $7.25 per hour in July 2009. The Act amended the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
An omnibus energy policy law designed to increase energy efficiency and develop renewable energy. Signed by President George W. Bush, among other things, the law sets new fuel efficiency standards for cars and trucks (35 miles per gallon by 2020), encourages the development and production of advanced technology vehicles, encourages biofuel development, sets new efficiency standards for appliances and lighting, encourages alternate energy research and development, and mandates energy efficiency in public buildings.
Also called a simple resolution, used by Congress to regulate the administrative or internal business in either the House or the Senate, or to express facts or opinions on non-legislative matters. Identified by the abbreviations "H.Res." or "S.Res." and a number, resolutions of Congress do not have to be signed by the president and do not have the force of law.
A type of legislation used by Congress for expressing fact, principles, opinions, or purposes in which both the House and Senate have a common interest. Identified by the abbreviations "H.Con.Res." or "S.Con.Res." and a number, these kinds of resolutions do not have to be signed by the president and do not have the force of law.
An attempt to amend the U.S. Constitution to give the citizens of the District of Columbia the same full representation in Congress as any state. Proposed in 1978, the amendment expired in 1985 and was never ratified.
An attempt to amend the U.S. Constitution to guarantee equal rights between the sexes. More commonly called the ERA, this proposed amendment expired in 1982 and was never ratified.