group rights

American Indian Law

American Indian law: an overview

In U.S. law the term "Indians" refers generally to the indigenous peoples of the continent at the time of European colonization. "Alaska Natives" and "Native Hawaiians" refer to peoples indigenous to the areas...

Blue flu

Blue flu is a euphemistic term referring to a bargaining tactic in which law enforcement officers call in sick en masse to circumvent prohibitions against police strikes. The District of Columbia, for example, criminalizes organized police...

Civil

In reference to law, “civil” is used primarily as a descriptive term to denote conflicts between private individuals. Where in a civil case two or more individuals or private entities (such as corporations) dispute their rights relative to...

Disability Law

Overview

Disability law refers to laws related to individuals with disabilities; largely, these laws protect disabled individuals from certain kinds of discrimination, particularly regarding employment, housing, education, and access to public services...

Mixed-Motive Instruction

Courts use mixed-motive jury instructions in many discrimination and improper retaliation cases. These instructions usually take the following form: "If the plaintiff shows that the defendant did something that hurt her, and the action was motivated by...