Alcohol, Tobacco, and Controlled Substances: An Overview

Health and other public concerns have generated detailed Federal and state regulation of the sale and possession of alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and a wide range of other "controlled...

Alternative Reproductive Technology (ART)

Also known as assisted reproductive technology, it is an alternative to traditional reproduction, used by persons who are infertile. It is also an umbrella term that encompasses in vitro fertilization, sperm donation, ovum donation, a surrogate...


See alternative reproduction technology.

Assisted Suicide

Providing another, at their request, with the means of committing suicide. Usually, this is the context of providing drugs to a terminally ill person.


1. Refuge granted by a foreign country to individuals, especially those who face persecution elsewhere because of their social status, associations, or political beliefs. Refuge typically consists of protection from arrest and extradition. See...



A medical examination of a corpse to determine disease, injury, and cause of death, especially in a criminal investigation. Also termed postmortem; postmortem examination; necropsy; obduction.

Comfort Care

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryMedical care intended to provide relief from pain and discomfort, such as pain control drugs. (See also: palliative care)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.


In 15 U.S.C. §1127:

1) The exchanging, buying, or selling of things having economic value between two or more entities, for example goods, services, and money. Commerce is often done on a large scale, typically between individuals, businesses,...

Commerce Clause


The Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.

Congress has...

Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that enables employees and their families to continue health care coverage under an employers group health plan even after they experience an event -- such as a layoff, termination, cut in...