healthcare

Medicaid

medicaid law: an overview

Medicaid is a medical assistance program jointly financed by state and federal governments for low income individuals and is embodied in 42 U.S.C. §1396 et seq. It was first enacted in 1965 as an amendment to the Social...

Medical Certification

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA document an employer may require an employee to provide when taking leave under the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA). The medical certification form must be completed by a health care provider and...

Medical Marijuana

A term describing the cultivation and usage of marijuana for its medicinal value. Medical marijuana is taken by patients for its therapeutic effects in alleviating pain, nausea, and to increase appetite. In California, for example, under the Medicinal...

Medicare

medicare law: an overview

Medicare was enacted in 1965 as one of President Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs. The current version of Medicare can be found at 42 U.S.C. § 1395 et seq. The Medicare system was originally administered by the Social...

Medicare Tax

The Medicare tax is a U.S. payroll tax that funds the U.S. government’s Medicare program. Medicare tax is one of two categories under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (see FICA Tax), the other being social security tax. In 2020, the contribution...

Mental Health

mental health law: an overview

Mental health and the law interact in numerous ways. The term "competence" signifies a legal conclusion that an individual is capable of entering into a binding contract, transferring assets, or participating in a legal...

Mercy Killing

A mercy killing is the intentional ending of life of a person who is suffering from a terminal, painful illness. The term–also called “right to die”–is most often used to describe voluntary euthanasia, though it is also used in...

Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003

A federal statute, 18 U.S.C. § 1531, that bans partial-birth abortion, also referred to as intact dilation and extraction, to terminate a pregnancy. In passing the statute, Congress found that “[a] moral, medical, and ethical...

Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

The health care reform legislation (Pub. L. 111-148, Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 119; Short title, see 42 U.S.C. 18001 note), under review by the U.S. Supreme Court. See the Health Care Cases micro-site.

physician-assisted suicide

Physician-assisted suicide is an end of life measure for a person suffering a painful, terminal illness. It is considered a form of active voluntary euthanasia, also described as a mercy killing or the “right to die.” During a physician-...

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