human rights

Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)

The Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was a federal law passed by the 104th United States Congress intended to define and protect the institution of marriage. This law specifically defined marriage as the union of one man and one woman...

Disappearance

"Enforced disappearance of persons" is a crime against humanity punishable under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The ICC Elements of Crimes defines the crime as follows:

The perpetrator arrested, detained, or abducted one or...

Electronic Surveillance

Overview

Electronic surveillance is defined in federal law as the nonconsensual acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any wire or electronic communication, under circumstances in which a party to the...

Enforced Sterilization

Enforced sterilization refers to forcibly sterilizing an ethnic group as part of a systematic attack against that ethnic group. It is a crime against humanity under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Ethnic Persecution

Ethnic persecution is a crime against humanity under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC Elements of Crimes specifies that an ethnic persecution prosecution must show:

a severe deprivation of fundamental rights,the...

Extermination

In international criminal law, extermination refers to the mass murder of a demographic group. It is a crime against humanity codifed in Article 7 of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

Extermination includes "the intentional...

First Amendment


First Amendment: An Overview

The First Amendment of the United States Constitution protects the right to freedom of religion and freedom of expression from government interference. It prohibits any laws that establish a national religion,...

Forced Pregnancy

Forced pregnancy is a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. The crime has the following elements:

The perpetrator confined one or more women who were forcibly made pregnant, with the intent of affecting ethnic composition of the...

Forcible Transfer

Forcible transfer refers to the transfer of civilian populations to other areas against their will as part of a systematic attack against that population. It is a crime against humanity punishable by the International Criminal Court.

Fundamental Right

Overview

Fundamental rights are a group of rights that have been recognized by the Supreme Court as requiring a high degree of protection from government encroachment. These rights are specifically identified in the Constitution (especially in the Bill...

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