intellectual property

property

Property is anything (items or attributes/tangible or intangible) that can be owned by a person or entity. Property is the most complete right to something; the owner can possess, use, transfer or dispose of it. According to California Civil...

provisional patent application (PPA)

A provisional patent application, or PPA, is an application an inventor files before the formal patent claim is ready. A PPA allows the inventor to establish an early effective filing date in a later filed nonprovisional patent application.

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PTO

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO or just PTO) is the federal agency responsible for granting U.S. patents and registering U.S. trademarks. The USPTO is the sole entity capable of granting patents and trademarks legally...

public domain

The public domain includes every creative work that is no longer protected by a copyright, trademark, or patent. Creative works that are no longer protected are owned by the general public rather than the original creator. As such, the work...

publication

A publication is the act of making something known to the public at large to inspect or scrutinize. This is done to convey knowledge or give notice.

In the context of copyright law, publication is an important concept and...

publish

To publish means to make a publication; to give publicity to a work; to make a work available to the public in physical or electronic form; to circulate or distribute a work to the general public.

In the context of...

published work

The term “published work” is often used in copyright law. For works created on or after January 1, 1978, under Title 17 of U.S. Code §101, both published and unpublished works are copyright-protectable. Published works refers to works that...

read on

In patent law, when one device contains substantially identical features of another device, is it said to “read on” that device. Buehler AG v. Ocrim S.p.A. Ocrim American, Inc., a Northern District of Texas case, offers a definition by describing that...

reexamination

1. In patent law, a proceeding that may be requested of the Patent and Trademark Office to check whether prior art invalidates one or more claims of a previously granted patent.

2. In trial procedure, an alternative name for a redirect...

royalty

Royalty is a compensation to the owner of intellectual property or natural resources for the right to use or profit from the property. Often, owners of intellectual property such as music or books contract with companies to sell and...

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