intellectual property


Under the Copyright Act, a compilation is a "work formed by the collection and assembling of preexisting materials or of data that are selected, coordinated, or arranged in such a way that the resulting work as a whole constitutes an original work of...

Compulsory License

A compulsory license is a statutorily-created license that allows the use of copyrighted materials without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. In exchange, a royalty is paid to the copyright holder.

Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance Act

Title III of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, the Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance Act, broadened Section 117 of the Copyright Act to allow third-party maintenance organizations to used software licensed to a computer’s owner or lessee...

Confusingly Similar

In trademark law, "confusingly similar" refers to when a symbol or logo is so exceedingly similar to an existing trademark that the public might mistake the symbol with the existing trademark. It is a test to see whether a potential trademark conflicts...

Contributory Infringement


A form of secondary liability for direct infringement of a patent, copyright, or trademark. A means by which a person may be held liable for infringement even though he or she did not actually engage in infringing activities.





Information that a web server (i.e. a website) sends to a web browser. The browser stores the information in a text file, and re-sends the information to the server each time the browser accesses the server. The main purpose of a cookie is to...


In copyright law, a copy is the physical form in which the creative expression is fixed. Under the Copyright Act, "'Copies' are material object, other than phonorecords, in which a work is fixed by any method now known or later developed, and from...



The exclusive legal right to reproduce, publish, sell, or distribute the matter and form of something.

Overview - U.S. Copyright ActGeneral

The U.S. Copyright Act, (codified at 17 U.S.C. §§ 101 - 810), is federal legislation which...

Copyright and Patent Power

Under Article I, Section 8, Clause 8, Congress may "promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries".

See copyright, patent...

Copyright Notice

A symbol or phrase on a work that informs others that the work is protected by copyright. Although works produced in the US today are not required to have a mark displayed to be protected by copyright, many authors and producers include a copyright...