juvenile law

Incompetence

Definition

1. Lack of legal ability to do something, especially to testify or stand trial. Also known as "incompetency." May be caused by various types of disqualification, inability, or unfitness. Someone who is judged incompetent by means of a...

Incompetency

See: incompetence

Incompetent

1) Unable to manage one's affairs due to mental incapacity or sometimes physical disability. Incompetence can be the basis for the appointment of a guardian or conservator to handle the incapacitated person's affairs.

2) In criminal law, unable...

Infancy

Defense to prosecution for a crime that a minor was incapable of criminal conduct based on his age.

juvenile court

A juvenile court is a court that handles cases involving crimes committed by children, or cases involving the health or welfare of children. Every state has a juvenile system in place. Juvenile courts and their subject matter...

Juvenile delinquent

A minor found guilty of a crime and usually punished by laws not applicable to adult offenders. Laws can vary, but minors are usually persons under 18 years of age.

Juvenile justice

Overview

Juvenile justice is the area of criminal law applicable to persons not old enough to be held responsible for criminal acts. In most states, the age for criminal culpability is set at 18 years. Juvenile law is mainly governed by state law and...

legal age

The legal age is also known as the age of legal majority. This is the age at which a person gains the legal status of an adult. The legal age is set by state law and can differ from state to state. However, almost all states set the base legal age as...

legal custody

Legal custody involves having a legal responsibility for a child and making major decisions regarding the child, including the child's health, education, and religious upbringing: sole legal custody vests this right with one parent...

Maturity

The term “maturity” appears in a several of areas of law. The precise definition of maturity varies depending on the context in which it is used. For example:

Regarding a person, maturity generally refers to the age at which a person becomes...

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