land use & zoning law

Takings

Definition

A taking is when the government seizes private property for public use.

Overview

A taking can come in two forms. The taking may be physical, which means that the government literally takes the property from its owner). Or the taking may...

Variance

Definition

1) An officially granted exception to a zoning ordinance. Such exceptions may be granted on a case-by-case basis for some persuasive reason shown.

2) A difference between two statements or other pieces of evidence that usually would be...

Vertical privity

Definition

1) In business law, the relationship between companies in a distribution chain. For example, a manufacturer and a distributor are in vertical privity. Those in vertical privity are jointly liable for product defects in the vertical chain....

view ordinance

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA local law designed to protect property owners who have desirable (and valuable) views. Typically, these ordinances allow property owners to insist on the trimming of trees that have grown and now block...

Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty (1926)

Definition

A 1926 U.S. Supreme Court case in which the court held that a zoning ordinance can be a valid exercise of a state's police powers.

Illustrative caselaw

Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co., 272 U.S. 365 (1926).

See also

Real...

Zoning

Definition

Legislative act dividing a jurisdiction's land into sections and regulating different land uses in each section in accordance with a zoning ordinance.

Flexibility in Zoning

A number of devices allow governing boards to include...

Zoning ordinance

Definition

A municipal law that outlines permitted uses for various sections of land. Thus, some parts of a city may be dedicated to industrial use, while others may be set aside for residential or commercial use only. A zoning ordinance may also...

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