law and psychology

Abuse Excuse

Definition

A self-defense claim that a defendant is incapable of distinguishing between right and wrong or of controlling his or her impulses as a result of being subjected to prolonged physical or mental abuse, i.e. as a result of, inter alia, battered-child syndrome or battered-woman syndrome.

See also

Abuse

Definition

1) Abuse, generally: physically, sexually, or mentally injuring a person.

2) Child abuse: physically, sexually, or mentally injuring a child either with intent or through neglect.

3) Substance abuse: excessively using or misusing a legal or illegal substance.

4) In bankruptcy: filing under chapter 7 by a debtor whose monthly, disposable income exceeds $10,950 or 25% of his or her non-priority unsecured debt (if at least $6,575) for a five-year period is presumptively abusive, requiring dismissal or conversion to chapter 13.

Recidivism

Tendency to engage in repeated criminal behavior.  Usually refers to the condition of being convicted for a crime, serving the sentence, and then committing another crime that results in a new conviction and sentence.  High rates of recidivism in a jurisdiction may indicate that other jurisdictions have better correctional programs for persons convicted of a crime. 

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