legal education and practice
A case that turns on the word of one witness versus another. The outcome of a swearing match usually depends on whom the jury finds most trustworthy.
Language in a legal document that is irrelevant or has no legal effect and therefore can be ignored.
Completing or making an addition to, particularly to a document -- for example, a supplemental complaint, supplemental claim, or supplemental proceeding.
The final argument of an attorney at the close of a trial in which he or she attempts to convince the judge or jury of the virtues of the client's case. (See also: closing argument)
(soo-ee jen-ris) Latin for of its own kind, and used to describe a form of legal protection that exists outside typical legal protections -- that is, something that is unique or different. In intellectual property law, for example, ship hull designs have achieved a unique category of protection and are "sui generis" within copyright law.
A method for lawyers to bill clients that is based on how the lawyer solves the client's problem, instead of the number of hours the lawyer spends working on it. For example, if a lawyer represents a company that's being sued, they might agree that the client will pay a certain fee if the lawyer settles the case for an amount that the client's insurance policy will cover.
A document in which a party to a lawsuit states that his or her attorney is being replaced by another attorney or by the party acting in propria persona. (See also: substitution)
Putting one person or thing in the place of another. For example, a substitution of parties takes place when a new party is named to take the place of a party who has died or is otherwise unable to continue as a party. Or, one attorney might substitute into a case to replace the attorney of record if, for example, the client fired the first attorney.