legal education and practice

Attorney General

Definition

The chief law enforcement officer of the federal government or a state. The U.S. Attorney General represents the United States in litigation, oversees federal prosecutors, and advises the President and heads of federal, executive departments...

Attorney of Record

Definition

1) A lawyer who appears in court or receives pleadings and other formal documents on a party's behalf. Also known as counsel of record.

2) In patent and trademark law, a lawyer or agent named in a power of attorney filed by a patent or...

Attorney Work Product

Definition

Written or oral materials prepared by or for an attorney in the course of legal representation, especially in preparation for litigation. Generally, an opposing party may not discover or compel disclosure of work product. In limited...

Attorney Work Product Privilege

Overview

The work product doctrine states that an adverse party generally may not discover or compel disclosure of written or oral materials prepared by or for an attorney in the course of legal representation, especially in preparation for litigation....

Attorney's Duty of Confidentiality

Definition

The ethical duty of a lawyer not to affirmatively disclose information related to the representation of a client. Unlike the attorney-client privilege, the duty of confidentiality is in effect at all times, not just in the face of legal...

Attorney's Fees (or Attorneys' Fees)

Definition

The amount billed to a client for legal services performed on his or her behalf. Attorney's fees may be an hourly, flat (for a particular service, e.g. $10,000 to handle all aspects of a DUI case) or contingent fee (a percentage of client's...

Attorney's Lien

Definition

The right of a lawyer to hold a client's property until the client pays for legal services provided. The property may include business files, official documents, and money awarded by a court. The right to an attorney's lien may come from...

Attorney-Client Privilege

Definition

Attorney-client privilege refers to a legal privilege that works to keep confidential communications between an attorney and his or her client secret.

The privilege is asserted in the face of a legal demand for the communications, such...

Bachelor of Laws

Definition

The Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated LL.B., LLB, or rarely, Ll.B.) is an undergraduate degree in law generally offered after three or more years of college, and then three years of study of the law.

This degree originated in England and...

Background fact

Facts that help an observer understand the origins of a specific legal issue or dispute, without actually being necessary to answer any question of law. When presented in court, background facts help judges and juries evaluate the motivations of the...

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