legal education and writing



An abbreviation for American Bar Association. See American Bar Association (ABA).

See alsoAmerican Bar Association

Admission to Practice

Bar Admissions: An Overview

Admission to the practice of law (admission to the bar of a state) is governed by rules and regulations promulgated solely by a state's courts, legislatures, and/or bar association. The rules must not violate the...

Bachelor of Laws


The Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated LL.B., LLB, or rarely, Ll.B.) is an undergraduate degree in law generally offered after three or more years of college, and then three years of study of the law.

This degree originated in England and...


CALI stands for the Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction. CALI is a non-profit, 501(c)(3) consortium of most of the law schools in the United States. More information about CALI can be found at their website.

Case System

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe method of studying law used in most American law schools, in which students read and outline (brief) appellate opinions (cases), then hear lectures about them and discuss them. Each case stands for a...


Abbreviation for the Latin word confer, meaning "compare." Cf. is a signal indicating that the cited source supports a different claim than the one just made, but that it is worthwhile to compare the two claims and assess the difference....


A complete statement of positive law, usually arranged by topic and sub-topic.

Promulgated codes contain the laws, rules, and/or regulations currently in force in a given jurisdiction.

Model codes, such as the UCC, are written so that...

Critical Legal Theory


Critical legal studies (CLS) is a theory which states that the law is necessarily intertwined with social issues, particularly stating that the law has inherent social biases. Proponents of CLS believe that the law supports the interests of...


Disbarment is the most severe sanction for attorney misconduct, which involves the removal of an attorney's license to practice law. Since the court has exclusive responsibility to license lawyers, it has sole authority to remove...



The revocation of a lawyer’s license to practice law, usually as a result of a violation of professional ethics.

Disbarment may be imposed by the state bar association if a lawyer commits an offense that directly relates to his...