legal theory

Case Law

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe law based on judicial opinions (including decisions that interpret statutes), as opposed to law based on statutes, regulations, or other sources. Also refers to the collection of reported judicial...

Case of First Impression

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA court case that presents a new question or issue for legal interpretation (or at least new within that court's jurisdiction). For example, the question may concern recently passed or rarely used...

Cause

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) To make something happen. 2) The reason something happens. In order to hold someone responsible for harm to another person, the one must have caused the injury to the other.

Definition provided by...

Chance Verdict

A verdict that is reached not through deliberation, but through chance. Thus, in a close case without agreement, some jurors might wish to flip a coin and let fate determine the winner of the case. Chance verdicts are now illegal in the U.S.

Chancellor

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryFrom the old English legal system, a chancellor is a judge who sits in what is called a chancery (equity) court. The chancellor has the power to order that something be done, as distinguished from...

Chancery

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA court of equity, in which a judge can order acts performed, such as that a contract be modified or an activity stopped. The chancery court's functions are distinct from those of common law courts, which...

Clean Hands Doctrine

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe principle that a party who has acted unethically or in bad faith in relation to a lawsuit will not win the suit or be granted equitable relief by the court. For example, if a contractor is suing a...

Clear and Convincing Evidence

Definition

According to the Supreme Court in Colorado v. New Mexico, 467 U.S. 310 (1984), "clear and convincing” means that the evidence is highly and substantially more likely to be true than untrue; the fact finder must be convinced that the...

Code

A complete statement of positive law, usually arranged by topic and sub-topic.

Promulgated codes contain the laws, rules, and/or regulations currently in force in a given jurisdiction.

Model codes, such as the UCC, are written so that...

Compare With

A signal encouraging readers to compare at least two cited sources. Comparing the sources should either support or illuminate the author's preceding statements.

This signal gets used as follows: Compare [source 1] with [source 2].

Or,...

Pages