LIFE EVENTS

Ab intestato

Definition

A Latin term meaning "by intestacy." The term refers to laws governing the succession of property after its previous owner dies without a valid will.

AB Trust

Definition

An irrevocable trust created by a married couple to avoid probate and minimize federal estate tax. An AB trust is created by each spouse placing property into a trust and naming someone other than his or her spouse as the final beneficiary of...

Abandon

Definition

In marriage, abandonment is grounds for divorce in most states. Grounds arise when one spouse physically leaves the other with no intent on returning. Usually, the minimum time allowed to claim abandonment is one year, but it changes from...

Abandonment

See alsoAbandon

ABC Test

Definition

A test used in some states to determine whether a person is an employee or an independent contractor for the purpose of determining state unemployment tax.

Some courts using this test look at whether a worker meets three separate...

Abduction

Definition

Taking a person away by means of persuasion, fraud, or force. Some jurisdictions also require that the abductee, the person abducted, be a child or that that the abductor intend to marry or defile the abductee or subject him or her to...

Able to Work

Definition

Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

Abnormally Dangerous Activity

DEFINITION

In tort law, an activity that (1) is not of common usage, and (2) creates a foreseeable and highly significant risk of physical harm even when reasonable care is exercised by all actors. See Restatement (Third) of Torts § 20(b) (2009). A...

Abortion

Abortion: an overview

In 1973, Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, changed the legal status of abortion by striking down a Texas law that criminalized abortion except as a means of saving the mother’s life. The case pitted individual privacy rights against...

Abrogate

Definitions

To formally annul or repeal a law through an act of the legislature, constitutional authority, or custom. In contract and insurance law, it is to rescind or terminate a contract.

In constitutional law, the abrogation doctrine...

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