A neck or back injury common in car accidents, whiplash occurs when the body is suddenly restrained (usually by a seatbelt), and the sudden stop causes the head to jerk, injuring the neck.
Payment, usually financial, that an employee or worker recieves in exchange for their work or labor from their employer.
A bankruptcy case filed by the debtor. In contrast, an "involuntary bankruptcy" case is filed by the debtor's creditors.
(voh-len-tI non fit in-joor-ee) Latin for "to a willing person, no injury is done." This doctrine holds that a person who knowingly and willingly puts himself in a dangerous situation cannot sue for any resulting injuries.
The right to see a child regularly, typically awarded by the court to a parent who does not have primary physical custody of the child.
A business in which a majority of the workers have voted to name a union as their certified bargaining agent. Employers may hire nonunion workers, but these workers must join the union within a specified amount of time. Compare: closed shop
A contract between an employer and a union requiring workers to make certain payments (called "agency fees") to the union as a condition of getting or keeping a job. Although it is illegal to require an employee to join a union, workers may be required to instead pay agency fees if such an agreement is in place. Union security agreements are prohibited in right to work states.
USERRA is a federal law found at 38 U.S.C. Section 4301 - 4335 guaranteeing certain employment rights to active and reserve military members. In short, USERRA prevents any employer from discriminating against a employee based on that employee's military service.
A standard set of laws, enacted by some U.S. states, to deal with inheritance in the case that two people die simultaneously. The Act says that if two (or more) people die within 120 hours of each other, each is considered to have predeceased the other unless a will or other document specifies otherwise.