local governmental law

Executive Clemency

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe power of a president or governor to pardon a person convicted of a crime or commute (shorten) the sentence to be served.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Executive Order

An executive order is declaration by the president or a governor which has the force of law, usually based on existing statutory powers. They do not require any action by the Congress or state legislature to take effect, and the legislature cannot...

Executive Power

Executive Power: An Overview

In its first three articles, the U.S. Constitution outlines the branches of the U.S. Government, the powers that they contain and the limitations to which they must adhere. Article II outlines the duties of the Executive...

Expectation of Privacy


The expectation of privacy test, originated from Katz v. United States is a key component of Fourth Amendment analysis. The Fourth Amendment protects people from warrantless searches of places or seizures of persons or objects, in which they...


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTo surrender someone who has been charged with a crime to another state or country, or to obtain the surrender of someone from another jurisdiction.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...


Extradition is the removal of a person from a requested state to a requesting state for criminal prosecution or punishment. Put differently, to extradite is to surrender, or obtain surrender of, a fugitive from one jurisdiction to another. see, e.g....

Federal Benefit Rate

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe share of the SSI grant paid by the federal government. Many states add a supplementary grant to the federal benefit rate.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Federal Land Policy and Management Act

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary

Passed in 1976, it provides a framework for the management of federal public lands. The Act recognized the value of the public lands and stated that they should be managed in perpetuity for the benefit...



Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government. Generally, an overarching national government is responsible for broader governance of larger territorial areas, while the smaller...

Foreign Corporation


A corporation that does business in a state but is incorporated in a different state or a foreign country. A foreign corporations must file a notice of doing business in any state in which it does substantial business.

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