Prenuptial agreement

A prenuptial agreement, also known as antenuptial agreement, premarital agreement, or prenup, is a contract entered into prior to marriage setting the terms for separation. In general, provisions that tend to unreasonably encourage divorce or...

preregistration agreement

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe equivalent of a prenuptial agreement for couples (mostly same-sex) in states that allow registration as domestic partners or civil union partners.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

Putative Spouse Doctrine

The putative spouse doctrine’s purpose is to protect the financial and property interests of a person who enters into a bigamous marriage believing in good faith that it is a valid marriage. The person who is unaware his spouse is already married is...



An abbreviation for qualified domestic relations order. See qualified domestic relations order.

Qualified domestic trust


A trust for a surviving spouse, who is not a U.S. citizen, that qualifies for the marital deduction. 26 U.S.C. § 2056(d)(2). Also called QDOT.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Estate of Fung v. C.I.R., 117 T.C. No. 21 (T.C. 2001).


Qualified Terminable Interest Property (QTIP) Trust


A trust that qualifies for the marital deduction. A qualified terminable interest property trust ("QTIP trust") allows a spouse to give a life estate in property to his or her spouse without incurring the federal gift tax. The donee (...

same-sex marriage

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryMarriage between two people of the same sex, currently available only in a few states. (See also: domestic partners, civil union, reciprocal beneficiaries)

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separate property

Property that is owned by one spouse, but not by the other (compare to community property)

In a community property state, seperate property includes: property obtained before the marriage, through inheretance, or as a gift (a gift to one spouse...


In general, the termination of any contractual relationship (e.g., a contract for employment).

In family law, a situation in which spouses live apart from each other because of a judicial decree or voluntary mutual decision.

Solemnization of marriage

The formal requirement of the performance of a marriage ceremony and the professional class that may marry a couple. Who may perform such a ceremony varies depending on the particular laws of the state. For example, in one state, a mayor, magistrate,...