marriage

Prenuptial agreement

A prenuptial agreement, also known as antenuptial agreement, premarital agreement, or prenup, is a contract entered into prior to marriage setting the terms for separation. In general, provisions that tend to unreasonably encourage divorce or...

preregistration agreement

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe equivalent of a prenuptial agreement for couples (mostly same-sex) in states that allow registration as domestic partners or civil union partners.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

Putative Spouse Doctrine

The putative spouse doctrine’s purpose is to protect the financial and property interests of a person who enters into a bigamous marriage believing in good faith that it is a valid marriage. The person who is unaware his spouse is already married is...

QDRO

Definition

An abbreviation for qualified domestic relations order. See qualified domestic relations order.

Qualified domestic trust

Definition

A trust for a surviving spouse, who is not a U.S. citizen, that qualifies for the marital deduction. 26 U.S.C. § 2056(d)(2). Also called QDOT.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Estate of Fung v. C.I.R., 117 T.C. No. 21 (T.C. 2001).

See...

Qualified Terminable Interest Property (QTIP) Trust

Definition

A trust that qualifies for the marital deduction. A qualified terminable interest property trust ("QTIP trust") allows a spouse to give a life estate in property to his or her spouse without incurring the federal gift tax. The donee (...

same-sex marriage

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryMarriage between two people of the same sex, currently available only in a few states. (See also: domestic partners, civil union, reciprocal beneficiaries)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English...

separate property

Property that is owned by one spouse, but not by the other (compare to community property)

In a community property state, seperate property includes: property obtained before the marriage, through inheretance, or as a gift (a gift to one spouse...

Separation

In general, the termination of any contractual relationship (e.g., a contract for employment).

In family law, a situation in which spouses live apart from each other because of a judicial decree or voluntary mutual decision.

Solemnization of marriage

The formal requirement of the performance of a marriage ceremony and the professional class that may marry a couple. Who may perform such a ceremony varies depending on the particular laws of the state. For example, in one state, a mayor, magistrate,...

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