mergers & acquisitions

Antitrust Laws

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryFederal and state laws created to regulate trade and commerce by preventing unlawful restraints, price-fixing, and monopolies. The laws are intended to promote healthy market competition and encourage the...

Antitrust Violations

Violations of laws designed to protect trade and commerce from abusive practices such as price-fixing, restraints, price discrimination, and monopolization. The principal federal antitrust laws are the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. §§ 1-7) and the Clayton Act...

Buyback

Definition

A corporation's repurchase of its own outstanding stock. May be done to repel a hostile takeover attempt or as a means to increase earnings by eliminating the number of outstanding shares.

See alsoGreenmail

Clayton Antitrust Act

The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, codified at 15 U.S.C. 12-27, outlaws the following conduct:

price discrimination;conditioning sales on exclusive dealing;mergers and acquisitions when they may substantially reduce competition;serving on the board...

Contribution

Business Law Definition

In business and partnership law, contribution may refer to a capital contribution, which is an amount of money or assets given to a business or partnership by one of the owners or partners. The capital contribution increases the...

Dissolution of Corporation

Definition

The ending of a corporation, either voluntarily by filing a notice of dissolution with the Secretary of State or as ordered by a court after a vote of the shareholders, or involuntarily through government action as a result of failure to pay...

Economic Espionage

In general terms, economic espionage is the unlawful or clandestine targeting or acquisition of sensitive financial, trade or economic policy information; proprietary economic information; or technological information.

The Economic Espionage Act...

Enhanced Scrutiny Test

1. In the law of corporations, a test established in Unocal Corp. v. Mesa Petroleum, 493 A.2d 946 (Del. 1985), also known as the UNOCAL test. In this case, the Delaware Supreme Court established the enhanced scrutiny test, which is applied to a...

Execute

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) To finish, carry out, or perform as required, as in fulfilling one's obligations under a contract, plan, or court order.2) To complete and otherwise make valid a document, such as a will, deed, or...

Execution

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe act of executing a task or carrying out a murder or death sentence. (See also: execute)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

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