To preempt or monopolize an area of statutory law by a higher authority, such as federal preemption over state laws on issues affecting interstate commerce, and state statutes or state constitutions prevailing over laws of cities and counties on certain topics.
A document from a court to a foreign court requesting some type of judicial assistance. Often used to ask the foreign court to serve process on, or take evidence from, someone in the foreign jurisdiction. Also known as rogatory letters or letters rogatory.
A contract provision (also known as a choice of law) that determines which states laws should be followed in the event of a dispute.
A divorce obtained in a different state or country from the place where one spouse resides at the time of the divorce. As a general rule, foreign divorces are recognized as valid if the spouse requesting the divorce became a resident of the state or country granting the divorce, and if both parties consented to the jurisdiction of the foreign court. A foreign divorce obtained by one person without the consent of the other is normally not valid, unless the nonconsenting spouse later acts as if the foreign divorce were valid, for example, by remarrying.
To surrender someone who has been charged with a crime to another state or country, or to obtain the surrender of someone from another jurisdiction.
Mutilation is a war crime under international criminal law. Under the law of the International Criminal Court, a prosecution for mutilation must show the following: