multi-jurisdictional law

Abstention

Definition

A federal court's decision not to exercise jurisdiction over a case. The usual goal of abstention is the avoidance of needless conflict with a state court. See Federalism.

Abstention: an overview

Abstention is a doctrine under which...

Abstention Doctrine

See alsoAbstention

Comity of Nations

Definition

The principle that one sovereign nation voluntarily adopts or enforces the laws of another sovereign nation out of deference, mutuality, and respect.

Unlike enforcement of judgments between states in the United States (which is...

Complementarity

The principle of complementarity provides that a case is inadmissible before the International Criminal Court (ICC) if it is currently under investigation by a state with jurisdiction over it. The concept of complementarity, however, allows for ICC...

Concurrent Jurisdiction

Two or more courts have concurrent jurisdiction over a case if all of the courts have the power to hear it. Most notably, in the United States federal courts and state courts have concurrent jurisdiction to hear many types of actions. Similarly, a...

Conflict of Laws

Definition

A difference between the laws of two or more jurisdictions with some connection to a case, such that the outcome depends on which jurisdiction's law will be used to resolve each issue in dispute. The conflicting legal rules may come from U.S...

Egelhoff v. Egelhoff (2001)

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryU.S. Supreme Court decision in which the Court ruled that a woman who was named as the beneficiary of her former husband's 401(k) plan was entitled to inherit the money in the plan, even though state law...

Extradite

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTo surrender someone who has been charged with a crime to another state or country, or to obtain the surrender of someone from another jurisdiction.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

Extradition

Extradition is the removal of a person from a requested state to a requesting state for criminal prosecution or punishment. Put differently, to extradite is to surrender, or obtain surrender of, a fugitive from one jurisdiction to another. see, e.g....

Federal Question Jurisdiction

Overview

Federal question jurisdiction is one of the two ways for a federal court to gain subject-matter jurisdiction over a case (the other way is through diversity jurisdiction). Generally, in order for federal question jurisdiction to exist, the...

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