public benefits


See: Social Security Administration

[Last updated in September of 2021 by the Wex Definitions Team]


Social Security Disability Insurance (called SSD or SSDI) is a benefit system that distributes monthly income to individuals who are disabled and have paid a certain level of Social Security taxes. In order to qualify, a person must meet the...


Abbreviation, Supplemental Security Income.

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is the largest Federal food assistance program, codified at 7 U.S. 51 and replacing the food stamp program. SNAP gives aid to low-income individuals and families with the majority of...

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a federal program designed to assist individuals with little or no income and who are aged, blind, or disabled. SSI provides money to meet basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter. See welfare.



According to 17 USC § 101 a widow is a person whose spouse died during their marriage and has not since remarried. Also known as a surviving spouse.

[Last updated in March of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]

work credits

Work credits are used by the Federal government to determine a person’s eligibility for Social Security benefits, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits, and Medicare. A person earns a credit for a certain amount earned in wages...