The International Court of Justice, a judicial tribunal established by the United Nations to hear disputes submitted by nations and to issue advisory opinions upon request of a United Nations organ, such as the General Assembly or Security Council. The World Court has 15 judges and sits in The Hague (Netherlands).
public international law
1) Crimes of robbery, kidnapping, and similar activities on the high seas. The trial and punishment of such pirates may be under international law, or under the laws of the particular nation where the pirate has been captured. 2) A colloquial term without legal significance often used to describe willful copyright, patent, and trademark infringement.
Pillaging is a war crime. To show a crime of pillaging at the International Criminal Court, it must be shown that:
- the perpetrator appropiated property;
- with the intention of private or personal use;
- without the owner's consent;
- in relation to an international armed conflict.
Mutilation is a war crime under international criminal law. Under the law of the International Criminal Court, a prosecution for mutilation must show the following:
Subjecting people to biological experiments without consent, when perpetrated in an armed conflict, is a war crime punishable by the International Criminal Court. A prosecution for biological experiments must show the following elements:
The United Nations System is based on five active principal organs (formerly six, the UN Trusteeship Council suspended operations in 1994):
1) A harmonious agreement, especially between countries.
2) An offer to substitute a different obligation for one that was previously owed, plus the acceptance of that offer. Either of the parties involved can propose an accord. If the newly substituted obligation is actually performed, the performance is called a satisfaction. See Accord and satisfaction.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) is one of the five principal organs of the United Nations. It is composed of representatives of all 192 members of the UN. The UNGA has as its functions the following:
The website of the UNGA (http://www.un.org/ga/) is an excellent online resource and provides links to many secondary sources concerning the UN system.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC, or UN Security Council) is one of the five primary organs of the United Nations, responsible for maintaining international peace and security. The UNSC resolutions are binding on all member states. The UNSC was established on January 17, 1946 and includes the five permanent members (United States, Russian Federation [as a