Adoption refers to the act by which an adult formally becomes the guardian of a child and incurs the rights and responsibilities of a parent. At the conclusion of the formal process, a legal relationship between child and guardian will have...


See Alternative dispute resolution.

ADR Service

See Alternative dispute resolution service.


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA type of loan or payment in which money is paid ahead of time, in anticipation of repayment or other future adjustment. For example, paying for goods before they are shipped.

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Adversary Proceeding

A hearing before a judge or other neutral person, with competing arguments from opposing parties.


Against or opposed to one’s own interests. This adjective is used to describe several legal concepts. For example:

An adverse party would be the one having interests contrary to you. In property law, adverse possession refers to the...

Adverse Domination

The doctrine of adverse domination allows the statute of limitations on a claim for breach of fiduciary duty against directors and officers of a corporation to be tolled until the corporation is no longer controlled by the alleged wrongdoers. This...

Adverse Interest

There are three main types of adverse interests.

1) An adverse interest can mean an interest, claim or right that is against another’s interest. For example, a plaintiff and defendant...

Adverse Party

The opposing party, or anyone who has interests contrary to yours in a lawsuit.

Adverse Possession


Adverse possession is a doctrine under which a person in possession of land owned by someone else may acquire valid title to it, so long as certain common law requirements are met, and the adverse possessor is in possession for a sufficient...