Anticipatory Warrant

An anticipatory search warrant is a warrant that is based on an affidavit that shows probable cause that evidence of a particular crime (such as forged checks) will be at a specified location at some time in the future.

See Search Warrants,...

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA)

Major mid-1990s reform of habeas corpus as used to challenge criminal convictions. Among other provisions, the law limits both the procedural and substantive scope of the writ. Procedurally, it bans successive petitions by the same person, requiring...

Antitrust Laws

The three key federal statutes in Antitrust Law are Sherman Act Section 1, Sherman Act Section 2, and the Clayton Act.

The Per Se Rule v. the Rule of Reason:

Violations under the Sherman Act take one of two forms -- either as a per...

Antitrust Violations

Violations of laws designed to protect trade and commerce from abusive practices such as price-fixing, restraints, price discrimination, and monopolization. The principal federal antitrust laws are the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. §§ 1-7) and the Clayton Act...


A challenge to a previous legal determination. An appeal is directed towards a legal power higher than the power making the challenged determination. In most states and the federal system, trial court determinations can be appealed in an appellate court...


To enter an appearance in a case.


The act of taking part in a lawsuit. Appearance refers not only to physical presence in court when required, but also to procedural compliance (e.g., filing an answer, participating in discovery). The term can refer to parties in the case, and...


The party who appeals a lower court's decision in a higher court. The appellant seeks reversal or modification of the decision. By contrast, the appellee is the party against whom the appeal is filed.

Suppose P sues D, and wins. D files an...

Appellate Court

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA higher court that reviews the decision of a lower court when a losing party files an appeal.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Appellate Jurisdiction


Appellate jurisdiction refers to the power of a court to hear appeals from lower courts.


Appellate jurisdiction includes the power to reverse or modify the the lower court's decision. Appellate jurisdiction exists for both...