The United States Patent and Trademark Office. The USPTO is a federal agency within the U.S. Department of Commerce that is authorized to issue patents and trademarks.


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryExceeding the maximum interest rate on a debt that is allowed by law.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.


Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryExtending credit at an exorbitant or illegally high interest rate. States set their own maximum interest rates, and courts will not enforce payment of interest on a loan if the rate is usurious. Most...

uti possidetis juris

uti possidetis juris (UPJ) is a principle of customary international law that serves to preserve the boundaries of colonies emerging as States. Originally applied to establish the boundaries of decolonized territories in Latin America, UPJ has become...

Utilities and transportation - State statutes

Alabama (see Title 37) Alaska- Title 42 Arizona- Title 40 Arkansas (see Titles 23 and 27) California - Public Utilities Code
Colorado (searchable index - Title 40) Connecticut- Title 13B Delaware (see...

utility patent

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe most common type of patent; issued for useful inventions that are new (novel) and that produce results that are not expected by those working in the field of invention (nonobvious). A utility patent...



An abbreviation for versus, meaning against. Used in case names, e.g. McDonald v. Chicago, 130 S.Ct. 3020 (2010).

See also

Adverse party



An abbreviation for U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Formerly called the Veterans Administration, this federal government body provides benefits and services to military veterans and their families.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....



1) Empty, unclaimed, and/or unoccupied real property.

2) An abandoned estate, i.e. an estate that has no heirs or claimants.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Simmons v. Saul, 138 U.S. 439 (1891).

See also

Abandoned property

Vacant succession


An estate that has no heirs, because they either do not exist or have renounced the estate. A vacant estate may escheat back to the state.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Simmons v. Saul, 138 U.S. 439 (1891).

See also