Definition1) In civil and criminal procedure

To set aside or annul a previous judgment or order.

2) In property law

To surrender or leave the premises.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Sears v. Upton, 130 S.Ct. 3259 (2010) (a judgment) and...



Latin for "it is vacated." A rule or order that sets aside a judgment or annuls a proceeding.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Monsanto Co. v. Geertson Seed Farms, 130 S.Ct. 2743 (2010).

See also




Roaming from place to place without a permanent job, home, or material resources. Many criminal statutes targeting vagrancy have been declared invalid for being unconstitutionally vague — a violation of due process.

Illustrative caselaw...



Hazy, uncertain, or imprecise. Used in reference to words — especially sentences and paragraphs — that are not clearly expressed. A criminal statute is void for vagueness if it is so vague that it fails to give a person fair notice of what...

Vagueness doctrine


1) A constitutional rule that requires criminal laws to state explicitly and definitely what conduct is punishable. Criminal laws that violate this requirement are said to be void for vagueness. Vagueness doctrine rests on the due process...

Valuable consideration


A benefit conferred or a detriment incurred by a party in exchange for another's promise. Valuable consideration may be non-monetary as long as it is of some value to one or both parties. Also called good and valuable consideration and legal...

Van Orden v. Perry (2005)


A 2005 U.S. Supreme Court case in which the court held that displaying a monument inscribed with the Ten Commandments on the grounds of the Texas State Capital does not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment. Chief Justice...

Vance v. Terrazas

444 U.S. 252 (1980)

The Supreme Court held that the U.S. government must prove intent to surrender U.S. citizenship and not just the voluntary commission of a expatriating act and that the appropriate standard of proof for analyzing the citizen’s...

Variable annuity


An annuity — periodic payments to a recipient — that varies in amount based on the performance of the underlying investments.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. NationsBank of North Carolina, N.A. v. Variable Annuity Life Ins. Co., 513 U.S....



1) An officially granted exception to a zoning ordinance. Such exceptions may be granted on a case-by-case basis for some persuasive reason shown.

2) A difference between two statements or other pieces of evidence that usually would be...