subject

Yellow dog contract

Definition

An agreement between an employer and employee in which the employee agrees not to join or remain a member of a labor or employer organization. Yellow dog contracts are generally illegal.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Lincoln Federal...

Yield

Definition

1) To give something up or surrender control, especially when required by law.

2) To bring forth a result, as when a search yields criminal evidence or an investment yields a profit.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Schneckloth v...

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)

Definition

A U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court held that President Truman lacked either constitutional or statutory authority to seize the nation's strike-bound steel mills (the Court noted, however, that Congress would have had constitutional...

Your Honor

Definition

A traditional manner in which to address a judge.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Uttecht v. Brown, 551 U.S. 1, 23 (2007).

See also

Judge

Youthful offender

Definition

1) An adolescent or young adult convicted of a crime. States usually allow youthful offenders to choose special correctional programs not available to adult offenders.

2) A juvenile delinquent.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....

Zambrano

Definition

A '90s class action case in which plaintiffs, undocumented aliens, challenged I.N.S. regulations for allegedly, unduly restricting the eligibility of undocumented aliens who might become public charges for legalization under the Immigration...

Zealous witness

Definition

A witness whose testimony is clearly biased in favor of the party for whom he or she is testifying.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Mayes v. Gibson, 2010 F.3d 1284, 1291 (10th Cir. 2000).

See also

Witness

Zero tape

Definition

A printout that shows that no votes have been cast on a voting machine prior to a poll's opening.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. NAACP of Pennsylvania v. Cortes, 591 F.Supp.2d 757, 761 (E.D.Pa. 2008).

See also

Poll

Voting...

Zone of danger rule

Definition

A doctrine that limits the liability of persons accused of negligent infliction of emotional distress ("NIED"). If the zone of danger rule applies, plaintiffs suing for NIED may only recover damages if they were (1) "placed in immediate risk...

Zoning

Definition

Legislative act dividing a jurisdiction's land into sections and regulating different land uses in each section in accordance with a zoning ordinance.

Flexibility in Zoning

A number of devices allow governing boards to include...

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