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Accessory After The Fact

Definition

An accessory-after-the-fact is someone who assists 1) someone who has committed a crime, 2) after the person has committed the crime, 3) with knowledge that the person committed the crime, and 4) with the intent to help the person avoid...

Accessory Before The Fact

Definition

A person who aids, abets, or encourages another to commit a crime but who is not present at the scene. An accessory before the fact, like an accomplice, may be held criminally liable to the same extent as the principal. Many jurisdictions...

Accompanying Relative

An accompanying relative is the spouse or child (under the age of 21) of the holder of an immigrant or nonimmigrant visa, who is accompanying them to the U.S.

See also

Immigration

Accomplice

Definition

A person who knowingly, voluntarily, or intentionally gives assistance to another in (or in some cases fails to prevent another from) the commission of a crime. An accomplice is criminally liable to the same extent as the principal. An...

Accomplice Witness

Definition

Someone who is both a witness to a crime and an accomplice in that same crime. In some states, a defendant may not be convicted solely on the basis of an accomplice witness' testimony.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. Cool v. U.S., 409 U....

Accord

Definition

1) A harmonious agreement, especially between countries.

2) An offer to substitute a different obligation for one that was previously owed, plus the acceptance of that offer. Either of the parties involved can propose an accord. If...

Accord and Satisfaction

Definition

An agreement (accord) between two contracting parties to accept alternate performance to discharge a preexisting duty between them and the subsequent performance (satisfaction) of that agreement. An accord and satisfaction differs from a...

Account

Definition

Within the context of secured transactions under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, this refers to a right to payment of a monetary obligation. Not included: (1) letters of credit, (2) commercial tort claims, (3) deposit accounts, (4...

Account Debtor

Definition

Someone who owes an obligation by virtue of an account, chattel paper, or general intangible.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Nickey Gregory Co., LLC v. AgriCap, LLC, 597 F.3d 591 (4th Cir. 2010).

See also

Secured transactions

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