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Accusation

Definition

1) Formally charging a person with a crime either by a prosecuting attorney filing charges against or through a grand jury indictment of that person. 2) Informally stating that a person has committed an illegal or immoral act.

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Accused

Definition

A person who has been arrested for or formally charged with a crime.

Illustrative case law

Regarding rights of the accused, see, e.g. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966).

See alsoAccusationRights of Accused in Criminal...

Acknowledge

1) To accept, recognize, confirm, or admit the existence or truth of something.

2) To validate an identity or claim.

3) To authenticate an instrument or writing by declaration or statement under oath by...

Acknowledgment

1. A declaration before an official that one has executed a particular legal document.

2. An official certificate of a formal acknowledging.

3. A public recognition by a man of an illegitimate child as his own.

- From Dictionary.com

Acquit

Definition

To find a defendant in a criminal trial not guilty.

See alsoAcquittalDouble jeopardy

Act

Something done or performed by a person or body (such as a court). Formal product of a legislative body that becomes part of the law. An act may or may not concern a single subject (e.g., air quality). Acts codified in the United States Code can be...

Action

1. A judicial proceeding that involves either civil or criminal claims. An action is brought by one or more plaintiffs against one or more defendants.

2. In general, the process of doing something.

Actionable

Where there exist sufficient facts or circumstances to meet the legal requirements for a party to file a legitimate lawsuit against another party.

Actual Controversy

An actual controversy is a constitutional requirement (Found in found in Art. III, Section 2, Clause 1) for federal courts that demands there be a real dispute between two parties capable of being resolved by the court, as opposed to a hypothetical...

Actual Damages

Overview

In tort law, actual damages is a type of damages which refers to compensation awarded by a court in response to a loss suffered by a party.

The Supreme Court held in Birsdall v. Coolidge, 93 U.S. 64 (1876) that the phrases "compensatory...

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