the Constitution

Advocacy of Illegal Action

OverviewImminent Lawless Action Requirement

This is a category of speech that is not protected by the First Amendment. In Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969), the Supreme Court held, "the constitutional guarantees of free speech and free press do...

Affiant

The author of an affidavit, who swears to its accuracy.

Affidavit

A voluntarily sworn declaration of written facts. Affidavits are commonly used to present evidence in court. see, e.g. Edenfield v. Fane, 507 US 761 (1993).

See Category: Courts and Procedure

Affirm

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn act by one court to agree with and confirm a lower court's decision.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Affirmative Action

Definition

A set of procedures designed to eliminate unlawful discrimination among applicants, remedy the results of such prior discrimination, and prevent such discrimination in the future. Applicants may be seeking admission to an educational...

Alcohol

Alcohol, Tobacco, and Controlled Substances: An Overview

Health and other public concerns have generated detailed Federal and state regulation of the sale and possession of alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and a wide range of other "controlled...

Alien

Definition

For purposes of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), any person who is not a citizen or a national of the United States. There are different categories of aliens: resident and nonresident, immigrant and nonimmigrant, asylee and...

Allen Charge

Definition

An instruction given by a court to a deadlocked jury to encourage it to continue deliberating until it reaches a verdict. Some states prohibit Allen charges, because they deem them coercive, but the U.S. Supreme Court upheld their use in...

American Civil Liberties Union

Definition

A national organization that engages in litigation, legislative lobbying, and educational outreach in order to preserve and further individual rights and liberties that are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States....

American Indian Law

American Indian law: an overview

In U.S. law the term "Indians" refers generally to the indigenous peoples of the continent at the time of European colonization. "Alaska Natives" and "Native Hawaiians" refer to peoples indigenous to the areas...

Pages