the Constitution

Amicus

Amicus typically relates to the phrase amicus curiae (plural: amici curiae) which means “friend of the court.” Amicus is an individual or organization that is not a party to an action but who volunteers or is court-invited to advise on a matter...

Amicus Curiae

Latin for "friend of the court." Plural is "amici curiae." Frequently, a person or group who is not a party to an action, but has a strong interest in the matter, will petition the court for permission to submit a brief in the action with the intent of...

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA)

Major mid-1990s reform of habeas corpus as used to challenge criminal convictions. Among other provisions, the law limits both the procedural and substantive scope of the writ. Procedurally, it bans successive petitions by the same person, requiring...

Arbitrary

1. When used in reference to a judge’s ruling in a court case, arbitrary means based on individual discretion rather than a fair application of the law. For example, finding someone guilty of a crime simply because they have a beard would be an...

Arizona v. United States (2012)

The Supreme Court case which held sections 3, 5(C), and 6 of Arizona’s Support Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act (S.B. 1070) were preempted by federal law, but that section 2(B) must be allowed to be construed in practice before...

Arrest

An arrest is using legal authority to deprive a person of his or her freedom of movement. An arrest is generally made with an arrest warrant. An arrest may be made without a warrant if probable cause and exigent circumstances are presented at the...

Arrest Warrant

An arrest warrant is a document issued by a judge or magistrate that authorizes the police to take someone accused of a crime into custody. An arrest warrant is issued by the competent authority upon a showing of probable cause, which means a warrant...

Article

Definition

A paragraph or section of a legal document or statute.

Article III

Refers to Article III of the Constitution, the section of the Constitution that authorizes a federal court system. This provides that federal courts have judicial power over all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties...

Articles of Impeachment

Articles of Impeachment are the documented written statement of charges relied upon as the basis for removing an individual from office.

Articles of Impeachment are issued during an impeachment. This document consists of a single instrument...

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