the Constitution

Assisted Suicide

Providing another, at their request, with the means of committing suicide. Usually, this is the context of providing drugs to a terminally ill person.

Association

1. An organization of people that is not incorporated. In general, an association is not a separate entity from the persons who compose it. However, some laws may require associations to pay taxes, particularly if they have certain features that...

Author

In copyright law, an author is a person who creates an original expressive work. The author is also the owner of the copyright unless the author assigns ownership to another in a written agreement. Examples of authors include artists, writers,...

Automobile Exception

The "automobile exception" is an exception to the general requirement of a warrant for searches and seizures under the Fourth Amendment. Under the exception, a vehicle may be searched without a warrant when the evidence or contraband may possibly be...

Ballot

Ballot has a variety of meanings: 1) a method or process of casting a vote, 2) the actual paper, card, or machine that indicates a voter’s choices in an election, 3) the total number of votes cast in an election, and 4) a list of candidates...

Bankruptcy

Overview

Bankruptcy law provides for the reduction or elimination of certain debts, and can provide a timeline for the repayment of nondischargeable debts over time. It also permits individuals and organizations to repay secured debt--typically debt...

Bankruptcy power

The Constitution authorizes Congress under Article I, Section 8, Clause 4 with power "to establish uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States".

See congressional powers

Bill of Rights

The first ten Amendments to the Constitution, which set out individual rights and liberties. Though these rights originally only applied to the federal government, through the legal doctrine of incorporation, most of the Bill of Rights is now applied...

Bush v. Gore (2000)

Bush v. Gore (2000) is a Supreme Court of the United States case that revolves around Florida’s recount of the presidential election ballots. In this case, petitioner Bush won the 25 electoral votes in Florida — and thus the presidential election —...

Census

A "census" is the official counting or enumeration of the people of a state, nation, district, or other political subdivision with details of their characteristics. The census is used to determine the allocation of seats in the United States...

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