the Constitution

Civil Liberties

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryRights granted to the people under the Constitution (and derived primarily from the First Amendment), to speak freely, think, assemble, organize, worship, or petition without government interference or...

Civil Rights

Overview

A civil right is an enforceable right or privilege, which if interfered with by another gives rise to an action for injury.

Discrimination occurs when the civil rights of an individual are denied or interfered with because of the...

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex (including pregnancy), and religion in employment, education, and access to public facilities and public...

Civil Union

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA relationship available in New Hampshire, New Jersey, and Vermont that provides all of the rights and responsibilities of marriage for same-sex couples who register as civil union partners.

Definition...

Civil Union Partners

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryParties to a civil union relationship in New Hampshire, New Jersey, or Vermont, under which the partners have the same rights and responsibilities as married spouses under state law.

Definition provided...

Clear and Present Danger

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAlthough the U.S. Constitution's First Amendment protects freedom of speech, any speech that poses a "clear and present danger" to the public or government loses this protection. The classic example is...

Clinton v. City of New York (1998)

Definition

A Supreme Court case that struck down the Line Item Veto Act because it gave the executive the unilateral authority to amend a law without having to go through the legislative process. The Line Item Veto Act, intended by Congress to...

Cloture

Procedural step of ending debate on a proposal, and holding a vote to determine if it will pass. In the U.S. Senate, a three-fifths majority is usually required to invoke cloture, which translates to 60 votes if no vacant seasts exist. If debating a...

Codification

The process through which laws that have been passed by Congress are ordered into subject categories within the U.S. Code.

Codified

Specifically defined or otherwise included in a legislative statute. Sometimes used in a wider sense to refer to principles that can be found not just in statutes, but also in constitutions, administrative rules, and other non-judicial sources of law...

Pages