THE LEGAL PROCESS

American Civil Liberties Union

The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is an organization founded in 1920, with the mission of defending and preserving the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to all people in the U.S. Constitution. The ACLU currently has more than...

amicus

Amicus typically relates to the phrase amicus curiae (plural: amici curiae) which means “friend of the court.” Amicus is an individual or organization that is not a party to an action but who volunteers or is court-invited to advise on a matter...

amicus curiae

Amicus Curiae literally translated from Latin is "friend of the court." Plural is "amici curiae."

Generally, it is referencing a person or group who is not a party to an action, but has a strong interest in the matter....

amnesty

Amnesty is to grant a pardon to those who have committed an offense. Under immigration law, is a governmental pardon for a person or group of persons who violated policies related to immigration. Immigration amnesty would include the...

amount in controversy

Amount in controversy refers to the amount of money a plaintiff seeks in a lawsuit. The monetary value of a non-monetary remedy such as an injunction can also be included in the amount in controversy. For a case to be heard in district court...

anchor

An anchor refers to a reference point. For the purposes of the law, anchors are frequently utilized by lawyers in litigation to persuade the jury through a process called anchoring.

Anchoring, or anchoring bias as it's also...

anchoring

In negotiations, “anchoring” refers to the common tendency of giving undue weight to the first value or number put forth, and to then inadequately adjust from or counter the first value or number, or the “anchor.”

Thus the...

ancient document rule

The ancient document rule is one of the methods available to authenticate evidence for trial under the Federal Rules of Evidence.

Under the rule, if a document is (1) more than 20 years old; (2) is regular on its face with...

ancillary jurisdiction

Ancillary jurisdiction allows a federal court to hear a claim that would normally be outside of its subject-matter jurisdiction if it is substantially related to a second claim that is within the court's jurisdiction. A claim comes within a...

animal testing

Animal testing refers to the use of animals for scientific research. They can be used in scientific research for a variety of purposes, including studying biology, psychology and disease, testing pharmaceutical products, and cosmetics, among...

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