THE LEGAL PROCESS

mutual assent

Mutual assent refers to an agreement by all parties to a contract. Mutual assent is an essential element in the formation of a valid contract. Under modern contract law, mutual assent must be proven objectively. Thus, courts will look to...

mystic will

A mystic will is a last will and testament in which the contents of the written will are kept secret until probate. In this manner, mystic wills serve the purpose of preventing individuals other than the testator from learning the contents of...

name key

A name key is a document containing the real names associated with pseudonym names in a legal case.

[Last updated in July of 2023 by the Wex Definitions Team]

narcotics

A term that refers to a category of perception-altering or sensory-dulling drugs that have been created either through synthesis or extraction from substances of vegetable origin. In the United States, narcotics are regulated as Schedule I, II, III,...

National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL)

The National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws (NCCUSL), also known as the Uniform Law Commission, is a non-partisan, non-profit, unincorporated association that discusses and debates which areas of the law require uniformity...

National Security Letter

A National Security Letter is an administrative order that compels the recipients to provide information to federal investigators. The letter is issued by a federal agency, most frequently the FBI, to subpoena information related to national...

natural law

In science, natural law is the physical laws of nature.

In legal philosophy, natural law is a set of universal truths, principles, and rules that properly govern moral human conduct. In contrast to positive law, natural law is pre-existing and...

necessary party

In a lawsuit, a necessary party is a person or persons whose interests are affected directly by the outcome of the case. Federal cases such as Shields v. Barrow have distinguished necessary parties from indispensable parties. Following Rule 19 of the...

necessity defense

A necessity defense is a defense to liability for unlawful activity where the conduct cannot be avoided and one is justified in the particular conduct because it will prevent the occurrence of a harm that is more serious.

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negligence

Negligence is the failure to behave with the level of care that a reasonable person would have exercised under the same circumstances. Either a person’s actions or omissions of actions can be found negligent. The omission of actions is...

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