THE LEGAL PROCESS

Summary Judgment

Definition

Summary judgment is a judgment entered by a court for one party and against another party without a full trial.

Overview

In civil cases, either party may make a pre-trial motion for summary judgment.

Rule 56 of the Federal Rules...

summation

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe final argument of an attorney at the close of a trial in which he or she attempts to convince the judge or jury of the virtues of the client's case. (See also: closing argument)

Definition provided...

summons

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA form prepared by the plaintiff and issued by a court that informs the defendant that he or she has been sued. The summons requires that the defendant file a response with the court -- or in many small...

superior court

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe main county trial court in many states, mostly in the West. (See also: state court)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

supernumerary witness

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA witness beyond the required number of witnesses. For example, the third witness where only two are needed to witness the signing of a will.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary...

supersedeas

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary(soo-per-seed-es) Latin for "you shall desist," an order (writ) by an appeals court commanding a lower court not to enforce or proceed with a judgment or sentence pending the decision on the appeal or...

superseding cause

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: intervening cause

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

supplemental

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryCompleting or making an addition to, particularly to a document -- for example, a supplemental complaint, supplemental claim, or supplemental proceeding.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

Supplemental Jurisdiction

A way for federal courts to hear claims for which they would not ordinarily have jurisdiction. Supplemental jurisdiction only exists in the situation where a lawsuit consists of more than one claim, and the federal court has valid jurisdiction (either...

Supplemental Pleadings

A pleading that sets forth transactions or occurrences or events which happened since the date of the pleading, with the purpose of supplementing it. The court may permit these through motion. Even if the original pleading was defective, it may still...

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