THE LEGAL PROCESS

sustain

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryTo agree with or rule in favor of a party in court. For example, if a judge agrees with an attorney's objection to a question at trial, the judge will say "objection sustained."

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swear

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) To declare under oath that one will tell the truth (sometimes "the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth"). Failure to tell the truth, and to do so knowingly, is the crime of perjury. 2) To...

swearing match

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA case that turns on the word of one witness versus another. The outcome of a swearing match usually depends on whom the jury finds most trustworthy.

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swift witness

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: zealous witness

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

swindle

Definition

To cheat a person out of money or property through fraud or deceit.

tainted evidence

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIn a criminal trial, information that was obtained by illegal means, including evidence that would not have been discovered but for an illegal search or seizure. This evidence is called "the fruit of the...

taking of hostages

The taking of hostages, if perpetrated as part of an armed conflict, is a war crime under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. The prosecutor must show the following elements:

the perpetrator seized, detained, or otherwise held the...

taking the Fifth

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA popular phrase that refers to a witness's refusal to testify on the ground that the testimony might incriminate the witness in a crime. The principle is based on the Fifth Amendment to the U.S....

tax court

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA federal court which hears taxpayers' appeals from decisions of the Internal Revenue Service. Tax courts hear taxpayer appeals "de novo" (as a trial rather than an appeal), and taxpayers do not have to...

Tax evasion

tax evasion: an overview

Tax evasion is using illegal means to avoid paying taxes. Typically, tax evasion schemes involve an individual or corporation misrepresenting their income to the Internal Revenue Service. Misrepresentation may take the form...

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