THE LEGAL PROCESS

Trier of fact

A judge or jury that determines questions of fact in a trial.

See Jury trial and Bench trial.

true bill

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe name for the decision by a grand jury that the evidence presented to it, contained in the prosecutor's indictment, justifies charging the defendant with a crime. This decision results in the...

turn state's evidence

When a charged criminal opts to cooperate with the state and tesitify agaist an accomplice in exchange for a more lienient sentance or treatment, they are said to have "turned state's evidence".

turncoat witness

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA witness who was expected to be a friendly witness, but who becomes a hostile witness during the course of the trial.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Twinkie defense

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySlang for a claim by criminal defendants that at the time of the crime, they were suffering from a mental impairment (short of insanity) caused by intoxication, disease, or trauma, which prevented them...

U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (C.A.F.C.) has nation-wide jurisdiction over certain disputes that involve the Federal government including intellectual property, international trade, government contracts, and federal...

UCCJEA

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Ultimate fact

A fact that must be accepted for a claim or defense to prevail. For instance, a jury must accept the ultimate fact that X caused Y's death to convict X of a homicide offense. An ultimate fact is usually inferred from a number of supporting...

Unanimous

Complete agreement between multiple parties. Often describes appellate opinions with no judges dissenting.

See Unilateral, Bilateral, Multilateral, and Mutual.

unbundled legal services

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe provision of legal services by an attorney who does not represent the client or take over the entire case, but performs specific services such as appearing at one hearing, preparing a legal brief, or...

Pages