THE LEGAL PROCESS

Venire facias de novo

Definition

A writ from a judge summoning a new jury panel because of a problem with the original jury's verdict or return. A venire facias de novo results in a new trial. Sometimes abbreviated as venire de novo.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....

Veniremen

Definition

Persons who form a venire; prospective jurors.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Skilling v. United States, 130 S.Ct. 2896 (2010) (Sotomayor, J., dissenting in part).

See also

Jury duty

Jury selection

Jury trial

...

Venue

Definition

In general, a place or location in which something takes place. The proper place to hold a civil or criminal trial, usually because important related events have taken place there.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Cortez Byrd Chips, Inc. v...

Verdict

Definition

A jury's findings or conclusions on the factual issues presented by a case. Sometimes, the term also refers to the judge's resolution of issues in a bench trial.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005...

Verification

Definition

A declaration swearing that statements made in a document are true. Depending on the jurisdiction, verifications are either made under oath or in the presence of a notary public or similarly authorized person. Verifications are traditionally...

Vexatious litigation

Legal proceedings started with malice and without good case. Vexatious litigation is meant to bother, embarrass, or cause legal expenses to the defendant. A plaintiff who starts such litigation either knows or should reasonably know that no legal...

Vigilante

Someone who personally claims to enforce law and order, but lacks legal authority to do so. Vigilantes operate by using actual or threatened force, and are distinguished from people who simply watch out for criminal behavior and report it to the...

Vigilante justice

Behavior that resembles or matches that of vigilantes. Vigilante justice often describes the actions of a single person or group of people who claim to enforce the law but lack the legal authority to do so. However, the term can also describe a...

Vigilantism

See Vigilante justice.

Voir dire

French for "to speak the truth." The process through which potential jurors from the venire are questioned by either the judge or a lawyer to determine their suitability for jury service. Also the preliminary questioning of witnesses (especially...

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