Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryIntentional, conscious, and intended to achieve a particular result.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Wire Fraud

Wire fraud occurs when interstate wirings are used in furtherance of a criminal act. In order for a defendant to be convicted under 18 U.S.C. 1343 for committing wire fraud, the follow elements must be satisified: (1) the defendant must have been...


One of several possible means to acquire the contents of a communication by means of an electronic device.


The monitoring of phone or internet conversation by a third party, often secretly. To be legal a wiretap needs a permit.

with prejudice

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA final and binding decision by a judge about a legal matter that prevents further pursuit of the same matter in any court. When judges make such a decision, they dismiss the matter "with prejudice." The...


1. Removing cash or any other asset from the place where it is held.

2. In the context of a criminal conspiracy, leaving the conspiracy before the target crime has been committed. State laws differ on the culpability of co-conspirators...

Without recourse

A phrase meaning that one party has no legal claim against another party. It is often used in two contexts:

1. In litigation, someone without recourse against another party cannot sue that party, or at least cannot obtain adequate relief even...


1) A person with first-hand knowledge of an event, that testifies to that knowledge during a trial or other legal proceeding (see: eyewitness, earwitness)

2) A person who sees a second person sign a document, then adds their own signature...

witness stand

The location in the courtroom where a witness sits or stands while giving testimony, this is usually a platform to the left and slightly below the judge's seat. A witness called to testify is said to "take the stand".

Witness tampering

The act of obstructing justice by improperly interacting with a witness before or after trial. Examples include influencing, threatening, harassing, or physically harming the witness.