THE LEGAL PROCESS

Agent for Service of Process

Definition

The person designated by a business entity, such as a corporation, to receive legal correspondence on behalf of the business entity within the state which the agent's address is located. The person may be an officer of the corporation or a...

Aggravate

Definition

To increase the gravity or seriousness of a crime.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Magwood v. Patterson, 130 S.Ct. 2788 (2010).

See alsoAggravating factorMitigating factorCriminal procedure

Aggravated

A crime or tort is aggravated if the circumstances make it worse or more serious than it would otherwise be. For example, assault may become "aggravated assault" if the defendant uses or brandishes a deadly weapon.

Aggravated Assault

Definition

A criminal assault — a threat or physical act that creates a reasonable apprehension of imminent harmful or offensive contact with one's person — involving an additional, aggravating factor, such as the intent to inflict serious bodily injury...

Aggravated Battery

Definition

A criminal battery — a physical act that results in harmful or offensive contact with another's person without that person's consent — involving an additional, aggravating factor, such as the infliction of serious bodily injury or the use of...

Aggravating Circumstances

Overview

Aggravating circumstances refers to factors that increases the severity or culpability of a criminal act. Typically, the presence of an aggravating circumstance will lead to a harsher penalty for a convicted criminal.

Some generally...

Aggravating Factor

Any fact or circumstance that increases the severity or culpability of a criminal act. Aggravating factors include recidivism, lack of remorse, amount of harm to the victim, or committing the crime in front of a child, among many others. The...

Aggregation of Jurisdictional Amount

Even if claims are related, when there are multiple parties with several and distinct claims, the claims may not be aggregated to satisfy the requirement for the jurisdictional amount. Two exceptions to this rule exist. First, a single plaintiff is...

Agreed Statement of Facts

Agreed statement of facts is a statement of facts that has been agreed to by all parties in a lawsuit to be true. The agreed statement of facts is written and then submitted to the court. The parties will also have controversial facts that...

Aid and Abet

Definition

To assist someone in committing or encourage someone to commit a crime. Generally, an aider and abettor is criminally liable to the same extent as the principal. Also called "aid or abet" and "counsel and procure."

Illustrative case law

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