A legal doctrine that prevents people who are injured as a result of military service from successfully suing the federal government under the Federal Tort Claims Act. The doctrine comes from the U.S. Supreme Court case Feres v. United States, in which servicemen who picked up highly radioactive weapons fragments from a crashed airplane were not permitted to recover damages from the government. Also known as the Feres-Stencel doctrine or the Feres rule.
A neck or back injury common in car accidents, whiplash occurs when the body is suddenly restrained (usually by a seatbelt), and the sudden stop causes the head to jerk, injuring the neck.
(voh-len-tI non fit in-joor-ee) Latin for "to a willing person, no injury is done." This doctrine holds that a person who knowingly and willingly puts himself in a dangerous situation cannot sue for any resulting injuries.
The pain, hurt, inconvenience, embarrassment, and inability to perform normal activities as a result of injury, for which a person injured by another's negligence or wrongdoing may recover general damages. Usually in the combination "pain and suffering."
Predetermined payments established by law to compensate for certain injuries. Statutory damages are sometimes made available because it is too difficult to calculate actual damages.
The degree of care (watchfulness, attention, caution, and prudence) that a reasonable person should exercise under the circumstances. If a person does not meet the standard of care, he or she may be liable to a third party for negligence.