tort damages

Careless

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) Negligent. 2) The opposite of careful. A careless act can result in the careless person being responsible for damages caused to others by the carelessness.

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Carrier

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAny business that transports property or people by any means of conveyance (truck, auto, taxi, bus, airplane, railroad, ship) for a charge. There are two types of carriers: common carrier (in the regular...

Casualty

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) An accident or event which could not have been foreseen or avoided, such as a shipwreck, fire, or earthquake. 2) The liability or loss resulting from such an accident or event. (See: casualty loss)

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Casualty Loss

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryFinancial loss or loss of property arising from a sudden, unexpected, or unusual event such as a storm, flood, fire, shipwreck, or earthquake. Casualty loss qualifies for a tax deduction benefit. (See...

Cause

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary1) To make something happen. 2) The reason something happens. In order to hold someone responsible for harm to another person, the one must have caused the injury to the other.

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Civil Liability

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA legal obligation that arises to a private party, usually for payment of damages or other court-enforcement of a lawsuit.

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Commercial Tort Claim

A tort claim where the claimant is an organization or an individual and the claim comes in the course of the business or profession of the claimant and does not include damages arising out of personal injury to or the death of an individual.

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Common Carrier

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn individual, a company, or a public utility (like municipal buses) that is in the regular business of transporting people or freight, and must do so as long as the approved charge or fare is paid.

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Comparative Negligence

A tort rule for allocating damages when both parties are at least somewhat at fault. In a situation where both the plaintiff and the defendant were negligent, the jury allocates fault, usually as a percentage (for example, a jury might find that...

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