tort damages

Entity Liability

The concept of entity liability allows a corporation to be held liable for the criminal misdeeds of its agents if (1) the agent is acting within the actual or apparent scope of their employment or authority and (2) if the agents intend, at...

Ex Delicto

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary(ex dee-lick-toe) Latin phrase referring to something that arises out of a fault or wrong (tort), but not out of a contract.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Excessive Force

Excessive force refers to force in excess of what a police officer reasonably believes is necessary. A police officer may be held liable for using excessive force in an arrest, an investigatory stop, or other seizures. A police officer may also be...

Exculpatory Clause

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA provision in a lease that absolves the landlord in advance from responsibility for all damages, injuries, or losses occurring on the property, including those caused by the landlord's actions. Most...

Exemplary Damages

See punitive damages.

Extenuating Circumstances

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySurrounding or mitigating factors that reduce a party's level of responsibility or guilt, whether in a civil or criminal trial. Successfully showing extenuating circumstances might result in a lower...

Factor

1. A cause or reason that contributes to some result.

2. An agent hired to sell property on behalf of its owner. The factor is given control and possession of the property from the start of the sale period until either the time of sale or the...

False Imprisonment

Overview

False imprisonment is an act punishable under criminal law as well as under tort law. Under tort law, it is classified as an intentional tort. A a person commits false imprisonment when he commits an act of restraint on another person which...

False Light

One of several torts under the category of invasion_of_privacy where a defendant is accused of spreading falsehoods about a plaintiff that would be considered objectionable by the average person. This tort overlaps with defamation, where the lies...

Family Purpose Doctrine

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe doctrine that the registered owner of a vehicle is liable for any damage caused by any member of the owner's family while operating the vehicle.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law...

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