tort damages

General Damages

Damages that arise directly and inevitably from a breach of contract. In other words, those damages that would be theoretically suffered by every injured party under these circumstances.

See Consequential (special) damages.

Golden Rule Argument

During a jury trial, an attempt to persuade the jurors to put themselves in the place of the victim or the injured person and deliver the verdict that they would wish to receive if they were in that person's position. For example, if the plaintiff in a...

IIED

Abbreviation, intentional infliction of emotional distress.

In pari Delicto

A Latin term meaning "in equal fault." Refers to the principle by which a court will refrain from granting relief to a party who is equally at fault in a particular controversy as the party from whom relief is sought.

Indemnity

An agreement to compensate another party for loss or damage.

Informed Consent Doctrine

A duty imposed on a doctor to explain the risks of recommended procedures to a patient before a patient determines whether or not he or she should go forward with the procedure.

injury

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryHarm done to a person by the acts or omissions of another. Injury may be physical or may involve damage to reputation, loss of a legal right, or breach of a contract.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain...

intrinsic fraud

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAn intentionally false representation (lie) which is part of the fraud and can be considered in determining general and punitive damages.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

irreparable harm

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: irreparable injury

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

irreparable injury

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryHarm that no measurable monetary compensation can cure or reverse, such as cutting down shade trees, polluting a stream, or not giving a child needed medication. Proving irreparable injury is often...

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