type

Abatement Clause

Definition

Provision in a lease agreement that releases the tenant from paying rent if an act of God makes occupancy impossible or otherwise precludes the property from being used.

See alsoAbatement

ABC Test

Definition

A test used in some states to determine whether a person is an employee or an independent contractor for the purpose of determining state unemployment tax.

Some courts using this test look at whether a worker meets three separate...

Abduction

Definition

Taking a person away by means of persuasion, fraud, or force. Some jurisdictions also require that the abductee, the person abducted, be a child or that that the abductor intend to marry or defile the abductee or subject him or her to...

Abercrombie Classification

Definition

In the law of branding, a characterization scheme of trade designations in increasing order of distinctiveness: generic, descriptive, suggestive, and arbitrary or fanciful.

See alsoIntellectual propertyTrademark

Abet

Definition

To criminally assist another person in the commission of a crime including in planning a crime, escaping from a crime, or in the actual commission of the crime.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Gonzales v. Duenas-Alvarez, 549 U.S. 183 (...

Abeyance

Definition

A situation in which the legal owner to real estate is uncertain and the determination of the true owner is pending.

Able to Work

Definition

Capable of employment. A person who is able to work is ineligible to receive unemployment benefits on the basis of illness or injury.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. International Union, et al. v. Johnson Controls, Inc., 499 U.S. 187 (...

Abnormally Dangerous Activity

DEFINITION

In tort law, an activity that (1) is not of common usage, and (2) creates a foreseeable and highly significant risk of physical harm even when reasonable care is exercised by all actors. See Restatement (Third) of Torts § 20(b) (2009). A...

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