type

yeas and nays

Definition

The tally of affirmative and negative votes on some proposal. Especially used to describe vote results in a legislature or other deliberative body.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. U.S. v. Ballin, 144 U.S. 1 (1892).

See also...

yellow dog contract

Yellow dog contracts are agreements between an employer and employee in which, often as a precondition to being hired, the employee agrees not to become a labor union member or act in collaboration with other employees. There are both federal...

yield

To yield is to give something up or surrender control, especially when required by law. For example, to stop in order to allow other vehicles or pedestrians to go past -- the right-of-way. To yield is also to bring forth a result, as when a search...

Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)

Youngstown Sheet & Tube v. Sawyer, 342 U.S. 579 (1952) was a case in which the U.S. Supreme Court had to decide on the applicability of the President's national security powers on seizing private property. President Truman had ordered the...

your Honor

Your Honor is the honorific for a judge, and the traditional manner in which a judge would be addressed; usually appearing in court activities. See, e.g. Uttecht v. Brown, 551 U.S. 1, 23 (2007).

[Last updated in April of 2022 by the...

youthful offender

A youthful offender is an adolescent who committed a crime, who may not be tried in an adult court; instead will be tried in a juvenile court. The youthful offenders may take some responsibility for the unlawful behavior and may not be...

Zambrano

Zambrano (Zambrano v. I.N.S.) was a class action case that lasted from 1988 to 2002 in which the plaintiffs, undocumented aliens, challenged I.N.S. regulations, arguing they unduly restrict the eligibility of undocumented aliens who might...

zealous witness

A zealous witness is someone whose testimony is clearly biased in favor of the party for whom they are testifying. This is usually the case when a witness shows far more than expected enthusiasm when providing testimony.

[Last...

zero tape

Zero tape (also called a zero report) refers to a file produced by electronic voter machines which show that the machine has no votes tallied at the beginning of an election. Many states require poll workers to retrieve a zero tape before...

zone of danger rule

The zone of danger rule is a doctrine that limits the liability of persons accused of negligent infliction of emotional distress ("NIED"). If the zone of danger rule applies, plaintiffs suing for NIED may only recover damages if they were (1) "placed...

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