Accumulation Trust

An accumulation trust is a trust in which the trustee does not distribute the income from the trust, but instead gathers the income and any profits from sale of trust assets and holds these in the trust until the trust terminates (at a time specified...



1) Formally charging a person with a crime either by a prosecuting attorney filing charges against or through a grand jury indictment of that person. 2) Informally stating that a person has committed an illegal or immoral act.


Accusatory Instrument

Generic term that describes a variety of documents (such as a criminal complaint) that accuse a defendant of an offense.



A person who has been arrested for or formally charged with a crime.

Illustrative case law

Regarding rights of the accused, see, e.g. Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966).

See alsoAccusationRights of Accused in Criminal...


1) To accept, recognize, confirm, or admit the existence or truth of something.

2) To validate an identity or claim.

3) To authenticate an instrument or writing by declaration or statement under oath by...

Acknowledged Father

When a child is born to an unmarried couple paternity may be established by acknowledgment. The biological father can admit his paternity or sign an acknowledgement of paternity. The father will gain full parental rights to the child and will become...

Acquisition of Citizenship

Acquisition of citizenship refers to the mechanism by which certain foreign-born children acquire citizenship automatically by virtue of being born to parents who are U.S. citizens. Pursuant to the Child Citizenship Act of 2000, if a child satisfies...



To find a defendant in a criminal trial not guilty.

See alsoAcquittalDouble jeopardy



At the end of a criminal trial, a finding by a judge or jury that a defendant is not guilty. An acquittal signifies that a prosecutor failed to prove his or her case beyond a reasonable doubt, not that a defendant is innocent. Thus, a person...


Something done or performed by a person or body (such as a court). Formal product of a legislative body that becomes part of the law. An act may or may not concern a single subject (e.g., air quality). Acts codified in the United States Code can be...