A clause intended to keep a person from doing something or not doing something. In a will, a no-contest clause is intended to keep beneficiaries of the will from challenging its terms. Such clauses usually state that if a beneficiary challenges the will and loses, that beneficiary will receive nothing under the will. Under some states' laws, no-contest clauses are unenforceable. Also called in terrorem clause, noncontest clause, terrorem clause, anticontest clause, and forfeiture clause.
1) A type of divorce, now available in all states, in which neither party must prove that the other party is at fault in order to obtian a divorce. 2) A type of automobile insurance required of car owners by law in 19 states and the District of Columbia, in which the persons injured in an accident are paid only basic damages, limited to certain categories of actual harm, by the company that insured the vehicle in which they were riding or by which they were hit. 3) Popular shorthand for a no-fault insurance statute.
Latin for nothing or zero.
A criminal defendant's plea in court that the defendant will not contest the charge of a particular crime, also called "nolo contendere." While technically not an admission of guilt for commission of the crime, a plea of "no contest" will be treated for sentencing purposes by a judge as an admission of responsibility. A no contest plea is often made in cases in which there is also a possible lawsuit for damages by a person injured by the criminal conduct (such as reckless driving, assault with a deadly weapon, aggravated assault), because it cannot be used in the civil lawsuit as an admission of fault. (See also: nolo contendere)
The original lower level or trial court where a case was first heard by the judge and the jury, irrespective of where it is heard now. "Court of original jurisdiction" is often substituted for the term nisi prius which is Latin for "unless before."
Latin for nothing.
The closest relatives, as defined by state law, of a deceased person. Most states recognize the spouse or registered domestic partner and the nearest blood relatives as next of kin.
New facts raised in a pleading that go beyond just denying the allegations and present new issues.
An annual net loss from a business operation. An NOL may be used to offset the income of unincorporated business owners from other sources of income in the year of the loss. An NOL may also be carried back two years to reduce tax liabilities or secure refunds of taxes. (See also: carryover)