wex definitions

uti possidetis juris

uti possidetis juris (UPJ) is a principle of customary international law that serves to preserve the boundaries of colonies emerging as States. Originally applied to establish the boundaries of decolonized territories in Latin America, UPJ has become...

utility patent

A utility patent protects the way an article is used and works per 35 U.S.C. § 101. To obtain a utility patent, an inventor must file an application with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) setting forth certain property...


The Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA) expanded on the Uniform Gifts to Minors Act allowing all kinds of property such as bonds, real estate, and art to be transferred to minors and was adopted by most states. UTMA allows the property to...


Utter means to speak, articulate or issue (as in a forged document). Some common usages of the term “utter” in a legal sense include:

To utter and publish an instrument is to declare or assert, directly or indirectly, by words or...


Under common law, uttering is when a person offers as genuine a forged instrument with the intent to defraud.


Uxor is a mostly antiquated term for wife. The Latin term appears mostly as et uxor or et ux. which mean “and wife” at the end of a case name or other legal document. For example, in the case Smith et uxor v. State, et uxor shows the wife’s...



An abbreviation for versus, meaning against. Used in case names, e.g. McDonald v. Chicago, 130 S.Ct. 3020 (2010).

See also

Adverse party



An abbreviation for U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Formerly called the Veterans Administration, this federal government body provides benefits and services to military veterans and their families.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g....



1) Empty, unclaimed, and/or unoccupied real property.

2) An abandoned estate, i.e. an estate that has no heirs or claimants.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Simmons v. Saul, 138 U.S. 439 (1891).

See also

Abandoned property

vacant succession

Vacant succession refers to when no heirs to an estate can be found or those that are known predeceased the testator or rescinded their inheritance. Vacant succession typically refers to property being distributed under a will, not as an...